By Gregory Hale

In the past year, one half of all cyberattacks that caused physical consequences impacted manufacturing, and most of those attacks were ransomware. In addition, GPS spoofing and supply chain incidents are important new developments in the Operational Technology (OT) cyber threat environment.

This 2024 Threat Report is a collaboration between Waterfall Security Solutions and ICS STRIVE, the OT incident threat database. We document cyberattacks with physical consequences in Operational technology (OT) networks, consequences such as production outages, equipment damage, environmental disasters and injuries or casualties. To be included in the report, the incidents must be deliberate attacks, with physical consequences, in the public record, in covered industries: building automation, transportation, manufacturing, heavy industry and critical industrial infrastructures.