December 1, 2017: Safety Instrumented System is disabled by malware
Triton, which has been called the Worlds 1st murderous malware was discovered in 2017. In December 2017, it was reported that the safety systems of an unidentified petrochemical plant in Saudi Arabia were compromised when the Triconex industrial safety technology made by Schneider Electric SE was targeted in what is believed to have been a state sponsored attack. The computer security company Symantec claimed that the malware, known as "Triton", exploited a vulnerability in computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system. The intention of Triton was to disable the safety instrumented systems, thus earning the name of the 1st murderous malware.
January 1, 2013: 30,000 Hard drives wiped by virus
Saudi Arabia’s national oil company, Aramco, said that a cyber attack damaged approximately, 30,000 computers. The attack was aimed at stopping oil and gas production in Saudi Arabia. The company shut down its main internal network for more than a week. The computer virus, Shamoon, spread through Amarco’s network and wiped computers’ hard drives clean. Fortunately, the damage was limited to office computers and didn't affect control systems software that would impact technical operations.
September 1, 2020: Spear-phishing attacks on Middle Eastern Oil & Gas companies
Information stealing malware such as Agent Tesla, Formbook, Masslogger and Matriex as well as AZORult trojan were delivered via Spear-phishing attacks to Oil & Gas companies in the Middle East